5 of the best Brain Foods

Oily fish

Essential fatty acids (EFAs) cannot be made by the body which means they must be obtained through diet. The most effective omega-3 fats occur naturally in oily fish in the form of EPA and DHA. What makes oily fish so good is that they contain the active form of these fats, EPA and DHA, in a ready-made form, which enables the body to use it easily. Fish such as salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines are rich in a nutrient called omega-3, which is essential for the development and maintenance of brain tissue. Nutritionists recommend to portions of oily fish a week as part of a balanced diet. Tined or fresh is equally acceptable and both have good nutritional value.


Low DHA levels have been linked to an increased risk of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and memory loss whilst having sufficient levels of both EPA and DHA is thought to help us manage stress and helps make the good mood brain chemical, serotonin.


High in antioxidants and a rich source of vitamin C, evidence accumulated at Tufts University in the United States suggests that the consumption of blueberries may be effective in improving or delaying short-term memory loss. Eating them can help aid coordination and balance among other things.

Pumpkin Seeds

Richer in zinc than many other seeds, pumpkin seeds supply this valuable mineral which is vital for enhancing memory and thinking skills. These little seeds are also full of stress-busting magnesium, B vitamins, and tryptophan, the precursor to the good mood chemical serotonin. Another rich source of Omega-3 oils and zinc, they are perfect for any vegetarians out there who feel they might miss out because they can’t eat oily fish. They help maintain the part of the brain that keeps sensory function intact.


Guacamole isn’t just delicious—it’s also jam-packed with monounsaturated fats, fiber, and lutein that can better cognitive health, says a 2017 study. According to the study authors, participants who ate one fresh avocado every day saw a significant improvement in their memory and problem-solving skills. 


Often avoided because it is felt they have a high fat and cholesterol content, avocados facilitate blood flow to the brain, which is essential for keeping the Mind alert and focused to concentrate on the stresses of the day. They can also help to reduce overall blood pressure in the body.


For most people, this is probably the nicest of all brain foods, although it must be said, it is really only good quality dark and milk chocolate with a high percentage of cocoa solids that counts!  

Dark chocolate and cocoa powder are packed with a few brain-boosting compounds, including flavonoids, caffeine, and antioxidants. Flavonoids are a group of antioxidant plant compounds.

The flavonoids in chocolate gather in the areas of the brain that deal with learning and memory. Researchers say these compounds may enhance memory and also help slow down age-related mental decline (1234). In fact, a number of studies back this up (567).

In one study including over 900 people, those who ate chocolate more frequently performed better in a series of mental tasks, including some involving memory, than those who rarely ate it (5).

Eating a couple of small squares of premium dark chocolate every day will help provide lots of memory improving antioxidants, eating the same amount of milk chocolate will improve motor functions and reaction times.